Literary Techniques

Sometimes, the examiner will pick a phrase or a sentence in the text and ask you to identify the technique used. Here are some of the figurative language techniques you need to familiarize yourself with.

SimileA figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between 2 unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Eg. Prince slept like a baby after a long day in school.

MetaphorA figure of speech which involves a comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of the verb ‘to be’ (am, is, are, was, were) The comparison does not use the words like or as to introduce the figurative speech. E.g. Life is a rollercoaster.

AlliterationRepeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Eg. Clary closed her cluttered clothes closet.

PersonificationA figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.

HyperboleExaggeration: A statement that represents something as better, bigger, worse than it really is. Eg. That homework will take forever to complete.

OnomatopoeiaThe use of words that mimic/ describe sounds. Eg. My teeth chattered as I stood in the snow.

IronyAn outcome of events opposite to what was, or might have been expected. Eg. A fire station catching fire or a police station getting robbed.




Hypothetical questions: